Causes of acne
Poor nutrition Acne is caused by abnormal functioning of the sebaceous glands that are widely found on the skin. The sebaceous glands are found in the hair follicle, and their function is to secrete an oily fluid that provides lubrication to the skin and hair.
This fluid is secreted from pores, which are responsible for secreting it along the hairs and then into the skin.
There are cases in which the pores of the sebaceous glands are blocked by a mixture of the secretion fluid with dead skin cells, bacteria and other factors that block the exit of the pores. This process damages the physiological function of the sebaceous glands, and ultimately the appearance of acne.
Factors that trigger acne
There are various factors that trigger the pathological process that causes the appearance of acne. These factors increase pore blockage and constitute a “trigger” for the formation of wounds. The main and most significant factors are:
The sebaceous glands are significantly affected by hormonal changes, especially the hormone testosterone, which causes the overuse of the sebaceous glands.
During adolescence, hormonal changes cause an increase in hormone levels and greatly affect acne, so acne is most common in adolescence. Contraceptive pills, on the other hand, affect acne in the opposite way and reduce my wounds
An interesting factor recently suspected to have acne potential is cow’s milk. Some researchers believe that certain hormones that are found naturally in cow’s milk may be passed on to a person and alter his normal balance.
As a result, a theory has emerged that dairy consumption may be associated with the formation of acne and that if acne develops it is important to stop consuming dairy products.
It is known that a family history of acne affects greatly the incidence of acne. Various studies of the relationship between genetics and acne have shown that if parents have acne, children are at increased risk of developing acne (even when one parent has the problem).
In recent years, it has been suggested that a diet containing a lot of sugars and milk increases the risk of acne. Therefore, binge eating of cheeses, bread etc. may trigger acne and it is best to reduce the amount of these foods in cases of acne outbreak.
Use of medications
Medications of various kinds can cause acne as a side effect. The main drugs that cause this are steroids, androgens, and lithium.
Exposure to certain substances may cause clogging of pores and acne. These cases are characterized mainly by workers at gas stations whose skins absorb a lot of fuel fumes, cooks in an environment containing oil fumes and other workplaces.
Also, excessive sweating and pressure on the skin (as happens in helmets or tight belts) can also trigger acne.
Use of cosmetics
Certain cosmetic products increase the risk of acne.
This phenomenon is especially common among adolescent girls who experience for the first time various cosmetic products, which unfortunately can cause acne to awaken.
Conditions that aggravate acne
There are a number of conditions known to aggravate acne, during which acne may occur without prior notice.
These are usually adult acne cases, which appear surprisingly. The main modes are:
Monthly menstruation – Many women suffer from a few pimples just before the start of menstruation. In these cases, the hormonal changes are, of course, the cause of acne.
Pregnancy – Many women complain of acne during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome – A syndrome that appears in overweight women and causes a number of symptoms, including acne.
Today, the picture becomes clear that the mental state of man has a far-reaching impact on acne. For example, in a study conducted in the United States, it was found that during the examination period students with acne experienced a significant worsening of symptoms.
The scientific explanation is that in stressful situations certain hormones are secreted to the blood that may exacerbate the inflammatory response. Of course, hormone secretion is not enough to predict the development of acne, but in combination with other factors, mental factors can actually accelerate the appearance of acne and worsen its symptoms.
In addition, there are activities that according to some studies are suspected to cause or exacerbate the phenomenon of acne such as cigarette smoking, excessive drinking of alcohol, and addiction to pornography and masturbation